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best antibiotics for bearded dragons

Certain situations may require using antibiotics for your bearded dragon. One of such situations is when your pet is severely ill, and there’s no vet close by. When under such pressure, owners may opt for antibiotics as first aid treatment for their pet. But it’s important to know how to use the best antibiotics for bearded dragons before placing any order.

Many antibiotics can be used in the treatment of reptiles. But unless the situation is similar to those mentioned above, or more urgent, it is not advisable to administer antibiotics without the permission of a vet. Some considerations have to be made before administering antibiotics to your bearded dragons to avoid complications.

Each medication treats a specific illness, and has a prescribed dose for each reptile. Using a medication wrongly will be counterproductive. Your bearded dragon could suffer adverse health consequences from wrong medications. In other cases, wrong administration of medication could be fatal.

That’s why this post takes a look at the best antibiotics for bearded dragons. Apart from considering antibiotic medication, this piece also checks out other effective drugs for bearded dragons. With all this information, it becomes comfortable to guarantee maximum health for your pet reptile.

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What Can Be Treated with Antibiotics?

Infectious stomatitis

The infection attacks reptiles mouth and is common in snakes, bearded dragons, and other reptiles. Purplish spots in the mouth of reptiles are a precursor to this infection taking hold. Diseased tissue takes hold along a reptile’s teeth when the infection increases. Bacterial infections in the mouth of reptiles usually cause this ailment.

Respiratory infections

Gastrointestinal infections are common in reptiles that didn’t receive treatment of infectious stomatitis. Apart from surgical removals, antibiotics can help resolve respiratory infections in reptiles.

Late treatment of these infections with antibiotics may not work. In some cases, your reptiles could need surgery and vitamin supplementation.

Best Antibiotics for Bearded Dragons

Sulfamethoxazole/ Trimethoprim

Trimethoprim is an antibiotic used to treat parasitic infections and other issues in bearded dragons. It is administered orally, and comes in solid and liquid form.

Make sure your beardy stays properly hydrated while on this medication. The antibiotic is fast-acting, and will usually become effective after two hours, although results may become obvious days later.

Avoid overdosing your pet. If you miss a dose, wait patiently for the next one.

Don’t use this antibiotic alongside others, as this may bring about negative effect due to drug interaction. Drug interaction could result in dizziness, lethargy, and other negative side effects in your bearded dragon. If you must administer this medication alongside others, make sure to do so with the guidance of a vet.

Baytril

Enrofloxacin is sold under the trade name Baytril. The antibiotic is just one among other enrofloxacin medication sold by brands. It was first created for use in humans, but exhibited some severe side effects. After some modifications, enrofloxacin was modified for use in veterinary medicine.

In multiple areas of veterinary medicine, enrofloxacin is highly effective for treating a wide range of bacterial infections. Due of the high effectiveness against bacterial infections, some people may abuse Baytril.

Normally, a sensitivity test should be carried out to know how well the reptile reacts to antibiotics. However, many people fail to carry out such tests. If no sensitivity test is conducted, the reptile’s system could resist Baytril, hampering its efficacy in fighting bacterial infections.

Baytril should never be used without express permission from a qualified vet. Using Baytril as an over-the-counter (OTC) med could be harmful to your reptile’s health.

Top Herbal Supplement for Bearded Dragons

There are other kinds of medication that work well for bearded dragons too, like herbal supplements for example:

Reptid

Even if it’s not an antibiotic, Reptid works as a herbal supplement for bearded dragonscrested geckos, and other reptiles. Here’s a sneak peek into what Reptid has on offer for your reptile:

Boost the immune system

Reptid can act against parasites in bearded dragons swiftly, reducing the chances of infection significantly. Since Reptid helps combat parasites and other infections, it helps strengthen your reptile’s immune system too.

Boost the appetite

Reptid works as an appetite booster, make the reptile feed properly, increasing the reptile’s agility and strength. The liquid supplement should be administered orally for a minimum of ten days. This medication works well for chameleons, bearded dragons, and other reptiles.

Reptid should be administered according to a reptile’s body weight. For example, a reptile weighing 25g should be given 1-2 drops, while a reptile weighing 250g should get .05ml

How to Administer Reptid

Injecting a bug

You can inject a bug with the needed Reptid dose for your reptile. After injecting Reptid into this bug, you can go on to feed this bug to your reptile. If you want to make sure the Reptid takes full effect, make sure your pet reptile eats it.

Mouth administration

Here’s how to offer Reptid to your bearded dragon directly:

Top Vet-Approved Probiotics for Bearded Dragons

When bearded dragons get sick, their bodies lack a lot of healthy and helpful bacterial. To regain these, they should take probiotics. Some of these include:

Nutribac

This all natural probiotic works to stimulate the bearded dragon’s appetite by topping up intestinal micro flora. Tis probiotics help reptiles who must have lost appetite due to stress, illness, poor diet etc.

Acidophlus Digestive Tract Conditioner (ADTC)

This is also a natural and wide range probiotic that help to comfort sick animals undergoing treatment (MOSTLY MEDICATIONS) this probiotic helps to boost the reptiles immunity, while helping it to stay hydrated. This probiotic contains lactobacillus acidophilis, which majorly functions to boost the immune system. It is fruit flavored, making it appealing to bearded dragons.

Reptophilus

This a high profile probiotic containing acidophilus and bromelin enzymes, as well as different fruit blend. The medication helps during and after illness to promote a healthy gastrointestinal tract by replacing healthy bacteria lost during illness.

Other Drugs That Can Be Used to Treat Bearded Dragons

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintic medications help in removing parasitic intestinal worms in reptiles. It becomes less-challenging to combat worm-induced digestive trouble in your bearded dragons. Dosage rates of anthelmintic medication differ, and it is important to seek permission from a qualified vet before usage.

Intestinal parasites

The stress of being a captive could come down differently on a bearded dragon. Sustained presence in a closed space makes it easy for reptiles to suffer attacks from parasites. Many parasites require a single host to remain active throughout their lifetime, and some bearded dragons could be favored options.

The heavy burden of being in a closed environment usually transcends to infestation. There are several anthelmintic medications formulated for treating intestinal parasites. However, the efficacy of these medications differs. Also, some parasites can only be treated with a higher dosage.

Here’s a look at some of the infections anthelmintic drugs can handle:

Ascarids

These parasites cause significant tissue damage in reptiles. Ascarids usually affect snakes but rare cases can be evident in other reptiles like lizards, geckos, and bearded dragons.

Reptiles infected with ascarids will frequently regurgitate worms and other feed and suffer inflamed swelling along its stomach wall. Intense gastrointestinal pain and intestinal blockages also accompanies this nematode infection.

Roundworms

Stomach worms are common in lizards and could result in intense infestation and stomach ulceration. These worms cause severe bruising along the stomach worm of their host and could result in swelling.

Hookworms

These worms live in the upper gastro-intestinal tract and cause several wounds at their site of attachment. Hookworms can also lead to intestinal wall blockage and cause other difficulties.

These are some of the best anthelmintic medication out there and suggested doses:

Ivermectin

~0.02ml/kg (increase or decrease in dosage should be determined by exotics vet)

Praziquantel (20g/L) and Oxfendazole (20g/L)

0.05ml/100g (dosage increase, frequency, etc. should be determined by an exotics vet)

Selamectin

Consider seeing your vet for correct dosage for adult bearded dragons. Some vets may not recommend this drug for removing intestinal parasites.

Analgesics

Several analgesic medication are ideal for relieving pain in bearded dragons. Administering this medication correctly is important to avoid your bearded dragon being numb. Here’s a look at some of the best analgesics for bearded dragons:

Tolfenamic acid

4mg/kg or as determined by your vet (Requires permission from your vet before administration). Your reptiles could experience some hangover or lingering effects from this medication.

Meloxicam

0.2mg/kg for mammals or as recommended by your exotics vet.

Butorphanol

0.1 ~ 0.4mg/kg

Dosage of Butorphanol should be determined by:

How To Keep Bearded Dragons Healthy

Although it is not advisable to administer antibiotics and other medications to your bearded dragon without the guidance of a vet, situations that warrant this comes from time to time.

If this happens, do well to find an antibiotic that works for that particular illness that your bearded dragon is suffering from. If antibiotics are unavailable, supplement with herbal medicine and do well to provide your pet with the necessary probiotics during and after treatment.

FAQs

What kind of antibiotic DO YOU GIVE A bearded dragon?

Sulfamethoxazole is among the best antibiotics for bearded dragons. Baytril is another antibiotic medication you can give your bearded dragons. You need to consult a vet before administering any antibiotic medication to your bearded dragon.

Is amoxicillin safe for reptiles?

Amoxicillin is one of the best antibiotics for humans, but may not be a great medication for bearded dragons. Exotics vets usually recommend other antibiotics for bearded dragons instead of amoxicillin.

Can bearded dragons take antibiotics?

Bearded dragons can take antibiotics just like mammals, marsupials, and other animals. The best antibiotics for bearded dragons have to be vet-approved to confirm their efficacy. Your vet needs to approve the antibiotics you administer to your bearded dragons to avoid overdosing.

How can I treat a bearded dragons’ respiratory infection at home?

Under the guide of an exotics vet, you can treat your bearded dragons’ respiratory infection at home with antibiotics. Some of the antibiotics are more potent than others and you’ll require accurate dosage to treat these infections.

Final Thoughts: Best Antibiotics for Bearded Dragons

The best antibiotics for bearded dragons should be effective against treating respiratory infections in your reptiles. Other infections in your reptiles can be treated with ease using other medication too. However, it’s worth noting that not all medication are safe for your bearded dragon.

You need to consult your vet before administering the best antibiotics for bearded dragons. The potency of best antibiotics for bearded dragons can work to get your reptiles in shape again. Make sure you don’t ignore the advice from your vet. You don’t want to have an overdosed reptile to handle.

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